How to Harness the Power of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) for Finance in 2023

How to Harness the Power of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) for Finance in 2023 || NeoDrafts

  • Author : Jeone Ben
  • Published : September 28, 2023

How to Harness the Power of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) for Finance in 2023

Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) are transforming the world of finance in unprecedented ways. From asset management and algorithmic trading to credit underwriting and blockchain-based finance, these technologies enable financial institutions to analyze, manage, invest, and protect money more efficiently, effectively, and intelligently. According to a report by McKinsey, AI and ML could generate up to $250 billion in value for the banking industry by 2023. [1] Moreover, a survey by Gartner revealed that 27% of finance leaders prioritize developing and refining their data and analytics strategy for finance in 2023.

How to Harness the Power of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) for Finance in 2023

Nevertheless, how can you harness the power of AI and ML for finance in 2023? What are the benefits, challenges, and best practices of using these technologies in the financial sector? This article will answer these questions and provide practical tips and examples to help you leverage AI and ML for your finance.

The Benefits of AI and ML for Finance

AI and ML are powerful tools that can help financial institutions achieve various goals, such as:

  • Improving efficiency: AI and ML can automate repetitive, tedious, and error-prone tasks, such as data entry, reconciliation, reporting, compliance, etc. This can reduce costs, save time, and increase productivity. For instance, JPMorgan Chase uses an AI system called COIN (Contract Intelligence) that can review legal documents in seconds instead of hours, saving the bank millions of dollars annually.
  • Enhancing quality: AI and ML can provide more accurate, reliable, and consistent results than human judgment, especially when dealing with large volumes of complex and dynamic data. This can improve decision-making, risk management, and customer satisfaction. For example, American Express uses ML models to detect fraud and prevent losses by analyzing billions of transactions in real-time.
  • Increasing innovation: AI and ML can enable new products, services, and business models that were not possible before, such as robo-advisors, chatbots, personalized recommendations, etc. This can create new revenue streams, competitive advantages, and customer loyalty. For instance, Wealthfront is a robo-advisor that uses AI to provide automated investment advice and portfolio management to its clients based on their goals and risk preferences. [2]

The Challenges of AI and ML for Finance

AI and ML are not without challenges, however. Some of the potential risks and obstacles that financial institutions may face when using these technologies include:

  • Data quality: AI and ML depend on high-quality data to learn and perform well. However, data can be incomplete, inaccurate, outdated, or biased. This can affect the validity, reliability, and fairness of the outcomes. For instance, a study by MIT found that facial recognition systems performed worse on darker-skinned women than on lighter-skinned men due to the lack of diversity in the training data.
  • Explainability: AI and ML models can be complex, opaque, or black boxes that are difficult to understand or interpret. This can pose challenges to transparency, accountability, trustworthiness, and compliance. For instance, a report by the Financial Stability Board warned that the lack of explainability of AI and ML models could undermine the effectiveness of financial supervision and regulation.
  • Ethics: AI and ML can have ethical implications for privacy, security, consent, discrimination, etc. This can raise concerns for stakeholders’ rights, interests, values, and expectations. For instance, a report by the World Economic Forum highlighted the ethical dilemmas of using AI and ML for credit scoring and lending decisions, such as the potential for bias, exclusion, or manipulation.
  • Skills: AI and ML require specialized skills and knowledge to develop, deploy, monitor, and maintain. However, there is a shortage of talent in this field. This can limit the adoption, scalability, and performance of these technologies. For instance, a survey by EY found that 56% of financial services firms cited the lack of skills as a key barrier to implementing AI and ML.

Best Practices of AI and ML for Finance

To overcome these challenges and maximize the benefits of AI and ML for finance in 2023, financial institutions should follow some best practices, such as:

  • Define clear objectives and use cases: Financial institutions should identify their specific goals and problems they want to solve with these technologies before implementing AI and ML. They should also evaluate the feasibility, viability, and desirability of their use cases and align them with their business strategy and customer needs. For instance, Bank of America defined its objective to improve customer service and engagement by creating Erica, a chatbot that uses AI to provide personalized financial guidance to its clients.
  • Ensure data quality and governance: Financial institutions should ensure that their data is complete, accurate, timely, and relevant for their AI and ML models. They should also establish data governance frameworks and policies that define the roles, responsibilities, standards, and processes for data collection, storage, access, usage, and protection. For instance, HSBC implemented a data governance program covering data quality management, lineage tracking, access control, data privacy compliance, etc.
  • Adopt explainable and ethical AI and ML: Financial institutions should adopt AI and ML models that are explainable, transparent, and accountable. They should also adhere to ethical principles and guidelines that ensure the respect, fairness, privacy, security, and consent of their stakeholders. They should also monitor and audit their AI and ML models regularly to detect and correct any errors, biases, or harms. For instance, Mastercard developed an explainable AI framework that provides human-readable explanations for its AI decisions along with confidence scores and alternative options.
  • Develop and retain AI and ML talent: Financial institutions should invest in developing and retaining their AI and ML talent. They should provide training, education, and mentoring opportunities for their employees to acquire and update their skills and knowledge in this field. They should also create a culture of innovation, collaboration, and diversity that fosters creativity, curiosity, and learning. For instance, Goldman Sachs launched an AI Academy that offers courses, workshops, and hackathons for its staff to learn and apply AI and ML techniques.
  • Collaborate with external partners: Financial institutions should collaborate with external partners, such as technology providers, research institutions, regulators, industry associations, etc., to access the latest technologies, insights, best practices, standards, and regulations in AI and ML. They should also leverage the collective intelligence, experience, and resources of their partners to enhance their AI and ML capabilities. For instance, Visa partnered with Google Cloud to use its AI and ML tools to improve its payment fraud detection and prevention.


AI and ML are changing finance in 2023 in remarkable ways. They offer tremendous opportunities for financial institutions to improve their efficiency, quality, and innovation. However, they also pose significant challenges to data quality, explainability, ethics, and skills. To harness the power of AI and ML for finance in 2023, financial institutions should follow some best practices that can help them overcome these challenges and maximize these opportunities. By doing so, they can create value for themselves, their customers, and society at large.


  1. How Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning are Revolutionizing the Tech Industry – DNB Stories.
  2. AI Disruption in the Financial Sector: Trends and Insights | SolveQ.

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